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Vehicle systems, additional services, and applications for automated and connected driving can be tested under real traffic conditions in the Test Area Autonomous Driving Baden-Wuerttemberg, such as automated driving of cars, buses or commercial vehicles, street cleaning or delivery services for instance. Furthermore, this is an opportunity to update the regulatory and legal conditions. The creation of a test area will make it possible to effectively test technological solutions in the context of digitalisation of mobility. The project is supposed to create a test area for automated driving in Baden-Württemberg that is technology-open and independent of individual companies. Especially small and medium-sized enterprises will benefit from the freely accessible test area and the establishment of branches of mobility and ICT firms will be fostered.
With the requested funds, various kinds of traffic areas are planned to be prepared for automated and linked driving. Therefore, highly precise 3D maps will be generated and sensors for the real-time acquisition of traffic and its influencing factors will be installed. Then, the data will be processed and made available to the users of the test area. Furthermore, the users will be given information about traffic light phases and bus, city and tram traffic flows. Radio paths and, in the long term, new telecommunication technologies are to be installed in order to ensure a robust data transmission from and to the vehicles.
The tracks of the test area will be composed of all relevant road types from mixed vehicle, bicycle, and pedestrian traffic in urban areas, to intra-urban 30 km/h and 50 km/h zones, municipal car parks, residential areas, and state roads and federal highways, up to motorway sections. The planned test zones and tracks comprise the three campuses of KIT, the Karlsruhe district of Oststadt, the central railway station and southern districts, connecting roads as well as motorway sections to Stuttgart and Heilbronn. The Bruchsal research campus as well as test areas for automated logistics and commercial vehicles in Bruchsal and Heilbronn will be connected to the test area as well.
Existing road infrastructures are planned to be used in the test area. There will be no changes or constraints for traffic participants or residents who are not involved in the test modes. The only possibly visible changes will be transmitting antennas that are to be installed for WLAN and mobile communication as well as sensors that collect only non-personal data.
The Karlsruhe Transport Authority (KVV) will function as the operating company of the test area. The test mode will be coordinated and supervised from a control point. It will be equipped with a safety and security control centre as well as IT administration, sales, accounting and controlling departments. The test vehicles are equipped with a complex safety technology and according to the current guidelines, a driver will always be in the vehicle during the trials for safety reasons. Furthermore, residents can monitor the condition and equipment of the test areas and tracks via an internet portal that is to be created. The portal also provides easy access to exemplary measurement data.
Led by the FZI Research Center for Information Technology, the consortium is composed of the city of Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe University of Applied Sciences, Heilbronn University, Fraunhofer Institute of Optronics, System Technologies and Image Exploitation (IOSB) and the city of Bruchsal as well as further associated partners. The Karlsruhe Transport Authority (KVV) as an external and neutral operating company enables the operation of the test area.
The Ministry of Transport Baden-Wuerttemberg provides funding of EUR 2.5 million for the design, planning and development of the test area. The consortium itself as well as associated partners and industrial partners additionally contribute an amount of own funds to the project. The setup of the test area is supported by a great number of partners from industry and science in Baden-Wuerttemberg.